2019年6月四級長篇閱讀真題解析:人生活至百歲,工作變至如何

來源:文都教育

今年上半年的四級長閱讀考查的是題為“人類活至百歲,工作變至如何”的一篇文章。整篇文章段落較多,但內容并不是太難,只要掌握一定的段落匹配題技巧,得高分甚至得滿分都不是難事。現在,文都四六級輔導老師帶領大家一起做題并為大家提供相應解析。

  1. I. 根據題干中的定位詞“extend lifespan”,“more careers”回文定位至第I段中“containing two, three, or even more different careers”一句。
  2. G. 根據題干中的定位詞“extending careers”,“positive and negative effects”回文定位至第G段中“that doesn’t mean that simply extending our careers is appealing”。這句話的邏輯即指正反兩方面,再看后文兩句,正好印證了題干內容。
  3. D. 根據題干中的定位詞“Americans”,“delay marriage”,“by eight years”回文定位至第D段最后一句,兩個年齡(21 & 29)是明顯的提示處。
  4. N. 根據題干中的定位詞“young people”,“no longer”“pattern of life”“parents and grandparents”回文定位至第N段中間部分“The three-stage life of...may have worked for our parents and grandparents, but it is not relevant today.”
  5. A. 根據題干中的定位詞“live over 100”,“the mid-21st century”回文定位至第A段中的中文“百歲老人”“by 2015”,進一步驗證之后可以確定該題對應A段。
  6. K. 根據題干中的定位詞“radical change”,“approach to life”回文定位至第K段首句的“profound change”“approach to life”,略讀該句意思后可確定該題對應K段。
  7. H. 根據題干中的定位詞“technological change”,“necessary”,“update skills”回文定位至第H段“technological change”“have to make a number of major investments in their skills”.
  8. F. 根據題干中的定位詞“not want to retire”,“do harm to”“mental and emotional well-being”回文定位至第F段首句“Longevity also pushes back the age of retirement”,以及尾句“Many people may simply not want to do it”.
  9. M. 根據題干中的定位詞“link between age and stage”,“cease to exist”,“multi-stage life”回文定位至第M段首句“with the variety will come the end of the close association of age and stage”,再看段內出現“multi-stage life”,可確定該題對應M段。
  10. C. ?根據題干中的定位詞“longer and healthier”,“rearrange work and life”回文定位至第C段首句“if many people are living for longer...healthier, then this will...redesign of work and life”。故可確定該題對應C段。